Cheque is a negotiable instrument in which there is an unconditional order to the bank is made for the payment of a certain amount to the payee and signed by the drawer.
Demand draft is a negotiable instrument in which there is an order to pay a certain sum of money by a branch of the bank to another branch to the person / organisation.
==>> Following are the main difference between cheque and demand draft.
1. A cheque is issued by an individual, whereas a demand draft is issued by a bank.
2. A cheque is drawn by an account holder of a bank, whereas a draft is drawn by one branch of a bank on another branch of the same bank.
3. In a cheque, the drawer and the drawee are different persons. But in a draft both the drawer and the drawee
are the same bank.
4. A Cheque can be dishonored for want of sufficient balance in the account. Whereas a draft cannot be dishonored. Hence there is certainty of the payment in the case of a demand draft.
5. Payment of a cheque can be stopped by the drawer of the cheque, whereas, the payment of a draft cannot be stopped.
6. A cheque is defined in the Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881, whereas a demand draft has not be precisely defined in the NI Act.
7. A cheque can be made payable either to a bearer or order. But a demand draft is always payable to order of a certain person.